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Roses

Facts, Types, Meaning and Care Tips

Bursting with beauty and meaning, the rose is the world's favourite flower and with such a wide array of colours, varieties and fragrances, it is easy to understand the universal appeal. This popular cut flower has been used throughout history as a symbol of love and war and today there is thought to be more than 150 different species being grown across the globe - a testament to the true allure of this enchanting flower.

Roses flower meaning


Roses convey deep emotions such as love, desire and romance, particularly the red rose, so it is no wonder that on Valentine's Day it is the most popular cut-flower in the world. Each different colour carries its own meaning, but it is only the yellow rose which does not have any romantic connotations - they express purely platonic emotions.

As well as colour, the number of red roses given to someone can also transmit a message - a single red rose means new love or love at first sight whereas a dozen red roses carries the message of 'I love you'.

Red Roses

Love and romance

Pink Roses

happiness and admiration

Yellow Roses

cheerful and joyful

White Roses

innocence, purity and charm

Roses mythology

The Romans and Egyptians discovered the unique beauty of the rose and it held great importance in their lives. In Ancient Egypt roses were seen to be sacred and were used as offerings to the Goddess Isis. In Roman times, newly married couples would be crowned with roses.

The War of the Roses in 1455-1487 saw the House of Lancaster represented by a red rose and the House of York represented by a white rose. When Henry VII won the war he merged the red and the white together and created the Tudor Rose, the rose of England.
The era of the modern rose was established in 1867 with the introduction of the first hybrid by Jean-Baptiste Guillot. All roses before this are now known as Old Garden Roses whilst any after that date are called Modern Garden Roses.
Scientific name: Rosa.
Common name: Rose.
Family: Rosaceae.
Availability: All year round.
Vase life: Approx. 7-14 days.
Colour range: All colours and shades including green - although no true blue or black rose.

a few facts about Roses

These beautiful flowers are quite interesting too. Here's a few things you probably didn't know about Roses:

  • Roses were originally native to China but are now grown all across the world.

  • Botanically speaking, roses do not have thorns; they actually have prickles, which are sharp growths formed from outer layers of the stem.

  • A rose fossil found in Colorado was dated to be 35 million years old.

For the Home

With their eye-catching colour and perfectly formed petals, roses make the perfect arrangement for your home. Be aware that not all commercially grown varieties are scented so if you're looking for a more fragrant display, combine your roses with other perfumed flowers such as lilies or, summer favourites, peonies.

When styling your vase of flowers, bear in mind that roses are a focal flower which means they are designed to stand out from the rest and will enhance the overall shape of your arrangement.
The timeless beauty of the rose makes them an enduring and deservedly popular choice for wedding flowers. With such a wide variety of colours available, roses really can complement any wedding theme. The use of the rose is extremely versatile which means they look stunning as part of an elaborate bridal bouquet, or equally as charming if used for a delicate buttonhole.
"The ultimate romantic flower, roses are a perfect choice of wedding flower. With so many different varieties and colours to choose from, you can be confident you'll find the perfect rose to fit with the style and theme of your wedding day."

Karen Barnes, Wedding Flowers Expert

Rose Care Tips

As Roses are such wonderful flowers, you'll want them to last as long as possible. Here's how to get the most from your Roses flowers:

  1. Cut approximately 2cm from the bottom of the stems, at an angle, and remove any foliage that will fall below the waterline.

  2. Take a clean vase and fill it three quarters full with fresh cold water then add your flower food as directed on the packet.

  3. Keep the vase topped up with water daily and remove any foliage that is in contact with water.

  4. Every 2-3 days, re-cut the Rose's stems and replace the water completely.

  5. Display your Roses in a cool spot, out of direct sunlight and away from heat sources.