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The Ultimate Guide to Agapanthus

When you think of a striking flower with an understated beauty, the agapanthus may come to mind. This sun-loving blossom is known for its large, drumstick-headed buds and deep blue hue. It’s also commonly referred to as the African lily or lily of the Nile, although it’s not actually a lily. Read on to uncover some interesting facts about the agapanthus, including its meanings and symbolism, the different types of agapanthus, care tips and more.

Agapanthus meaning and symbolism

It probably comes as no surprise that the agapanthus flower meaning is tied to love. The name agapanthus is taken from the Greek words ‘agape’ (which means love) and ‘anthos’ (meaning flower). This translates to the ‘flower of love’, which is quite fitting for its showy, ethereal appearance. But the agapanthus doesn’t just symbolise love – it’s also seen as an emblem of beauty, purity and fertility.

Interestingly, certain parts of the agapanthus carry different meanings. The roots, in particular, symbolise a healthy baby. In South Africa, the roots are boiled to produce a tonic for pregnant women. They’re also sometimes worn as charms to ensure a baby’s good health and wellbeing.

This fetching flower can also represent beauty in retirement and is commonly featured in funeral wreaths. It’s believed that an agapanthus wreath adorned Queen Victoria’s casket. In fact, the late Queen became fascinated by the Language of Flowers and made some additions to the flower’s meaning. As time went by, the graceful bud carried the meaning ‘love letter’, representing a love that is chaste and pure.

With so many meanings, this alluring blossom can be gifted for a number of occasions – from Valentine’s Day to a christening.

Agapanthus facts

  • Agapanthuses first bloomed on the cliffs of the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa and were brought to Europe in the 17th century.
  • The agapanthus is a member of the Amaryllidacae family and has around 10 species under its genus. There are two types of agapanthus – deciduous and evergreen. The deciduous varieties originate from colder regions and are generally hardier than evergreen varieties.
  • Agapanthus flowers range in height, with some growing to 20-60cm (up to around 2ft) and others growing up to 1.5m (5ft). On average, they reach their mature size in around 3-5 years.
  • Some agapanthus varieties are considered too invasive in certain countries. The Praecox variety is classed as an environmental weed in New Zealand. However, the move to have it added to their National Pest Plant Accord has been opposed by gardeners.
  • Despite its common names, African lily and lily of the Nile, agapanthuses are actually related to garlic, Galanthus and Narcissus.
  • In South Africa, the agapanthus was used as both a medicinal plant and as an aphrodisiac. Some varieties were used to treat colds, chest pains and heart-related conditions.

Types of agapanthus

The agapanthus flower is characterised by its rounded flower head and incredible purple hues. However, there are many types of agapanthus, and some of them come in blue, pink and white tones.


Blue agapanthus

Although a relatively new flowering variety, the ‘Blue Storm’ is one of the most popular types of blue agapanthus – and it’s easy to see why. This evergreen perennial produces soft violet-blue flowers on long, graceful stalks and can grow to about 75cm.

But despite its delicate form, this variety is quite hardy. Blue Storm is especially great for pots, containers and mixed borders. It loves full sun and moist, fertile soil. This incredible bud will look its best in the spring.


Purple agapanthus

The agapanthus ‘Poppin Purple’ is an evergreen perennial with plenty of beauty to offer. It boasts an elegant display of dark indigo buds that gradually open to reveal starry, violet blossoms.

Reaching a height of around 60cm, this eternal variety reblooms through the season and has an extended flowering period. It’s also quick growing compared to other varieties, with a neat foliage making it a suitable border perennial or patio plant.


White agapanthus

Bright and enchanting, the white agapanthus ‘Arctic Star’ is an herbaceous perennial that is in a league of its own. Growing to around 90cm, this variety thrives with rounded flowerheads and funnel-shaped creamy white flowers, contrasting its broad grey-green leaves.

It’s also of the deciduous variety and grows best in a sheltered sunny point in moist soil. When grown in the summer, this pretty plant will stand tall and spill over the pot in glorious fashion.


Pink agapanthus

The pink agapanthus is as charming as it is special. This fast-growing perennial has narrow garlic-scented leaves and a large cluster of lilac flowers. Growing to around 60cm tall, this deciduous blossom is incredibly fragrant, and its leaves can be used in soups and salads.

When to plant agapanthus

Once you know how to get agapanthus to bloom, everything else falls into place. The agapanthus flower thrives in moist but well-drained soil in full sun. But the rules are different depending on how you decide to grow them.

  • Borders – It’s best to plant agapanthus flowers in the border during spring. For bulbs or rhizomes, the noses should be covered with 2 inches of soil. However, it’s best to grow agapanthus in containers if you live in a cold area, or your soil is prone to waterlogging.
  • Containers – Agapanthus flowers should be grown in 8-inch containers using a loam-based compost, such as John Innes No. 2 or No. 3. Most agapanthus flowers grown in containers benefit most from winter protection.

How to care for Agapanthus

Despite its hardy nature, the agapanthus flower can be tender in certain conditions. That’s why it’s important to know how to care for agapanthus and help them to live longer.

  1. Watering

    Agapanthus flowers should be watered regularly in their first year of planting. Once they’ve finished growing, they will need little watering. However, some varieties may need help in the summer on particularly dry days.

  2. Feeding

    Feed border agapanthus flowers in spring with a balanced fertiliser, such as Vitax Q4, Growmore or fish, blood and bone. For agapanthus in containers, use a liquid fertiliser – such as Phostrogen or seaweed feed – and feed fortnightly until the flowers begin to show colour.

  3. Deadheading

    When the agapanthus flowers have faded, it’s a good idea to cut them off at their base to encourage the plant to flower longer. For deciduous types, remove the flowered stems and yellowed leaves in the autumn. In comparison, evergreen leaves can be taken off at any time.

When does agapanthus bloom?

Agapanthus flowers typically start to bloom between late spring and late summer – although the exact time varies by breed. Some varieties may still bloom in the autumn, but none will actually begin blooming so late in the year. Reblooming varieties, namely evergreen, will continuously bloom through the growing season. In comparison, non-blooming varieties will bloom for only 2-3 weeks.

Creating an agapanthus bouquet

The illustrious lily of the Nile is anything but simple. Not only are they elegant on their own, with delicate petals and graceful foliage, but they also add beauty and flair to any bouquet. That makes them ideal for a well-balanced arrangement.

As beloved ornamental flowers, agapanthus combine well with sunflowers, pink germini, orange lilies and rich foliage – as demonstrated in our summer flowers blog. They also make a great companion for other summer flowering perennials. Verbena bonariensis, Mexican feathergrass, asters and Echinacea purpurea, to name a few.

To create this summery bouquet, follow these simple steps:


Gather your flowers. Consider the season, colour scheme and scent, making sure they all complement one another. Depending on how big your bouquet is, two or three agapanthus stems should be enough.


Build around your focal flower. Start with your agapanthus bud in the middle and hold it up right. Then add your supporting flowers around it, rotating the bouquet as your go. This will ensure the head of your key flower sits at different angles.


Wrap the stems. Once your bouquet has been arranged, firmly tie your stems together. You can use floral wire, tape or hot glue. Make sure you wrap your wire underneath the flower heads to keep the bouquet from separating.


Add finishing touches. Your beautiful bouquet isn’t complete without some embellishments. Think ribbons or decorative wrap for a nice finishing touch.


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