How to plant roses
1. Find a spot with plenty of sunlight
2. Don’t plant too close to other flowers to reduce competition
3. Avoid exposed, windy areas
4. Put your shrub root into water for 30 mins prior to planting to hydrate
5. Loosen the soil and dig a hole 40 cm wide and 60 cm deep
6. Break up the soil at the bottom of the hole so the roots can burrow
7. Add rotted manure
8. Add your shrub root to the hole and spread the roots out
9. Fill the hole around the roots with the soil you dug out earlier
10. Pat the soil around the rose to keep it in place
11. Water generously
When do roses bloom?
Roses planted in late autumn to early spring will flower the following year in summer and autumn.
How to take rose cuttings / propagate roses
1. Choose a healthy shoot that has grown this year, has just flowered and is about to be deadheaded.
2. Remove any growth at the tip.
3. The cutting should measure roughly 6-8 inches (15-20 cm) from the base along the stem.
4. Place your cuttings in water as soon as you’ve taken them from the shrub.
5. Find a good spot to plant your cutting (see the how to plant roses section).
6. Remove any leaves from the half of the cutting that will be under the soil.
7. Cut a small slit on one or two sides of the lower half of the cutting and dip into rooting powder.
8. Make a small hole (ideally with a pencil) for the lower half of the cutting to be planted in.
9. Place a jar over your newly planted cutting to create a tiny greenhouse. Make sure the soil around your cutting is always moist.
10. Once the cutting has taken root you can remove the jar and water as normal.
11. Take care to protect your new rose from any cold snaps.
When to take rose cuttings
If you want to try propagating a rose you should take hardwood cuttings in autumn, or semi-ripe cuttings in late summer.
Tips for feeding roses
Know when to feed roses can be a bit tricky. Ideally you need to feed them quite often because they are hungry plants. The best thing to do is sprinkle rose fertiliser on them in the spring then mulch with rotted manure straight after. Keep the mulch away from the stems.
If you have roses in pots, feed them with liquid fertiliser every two weeks from mid-spring until you see buds. Then continue feeding with tomato fertiliser.
When to prune standard roses
You should prune between February and March just as the shrub is starting to come to life. If your rose bush has only has only flowered for one season you only need to lightly prune. After two seasons you still want to be gentle and only cut back stems by a third. When you reach your third season, you can size and shape your shrub and cut back more than in other years.
How to get rid of greenfly on standard roses
A completely organic way to get rid of greenfly is to:
1. Start by cutting off any curled or distorted leaves and flowers. Greenflies might be hiding within them so there’s no point trying to rescue them.
2. Grab a hose pipe with a spray nozzle and use a strong spray to blast the greenfly off your roses in the morning. This will allow your roses to dry out by night fall and reduce the chances of a fungal disease developing.
3. Repeat this each morning if the greenfly return to keep them at bay - at least you’re watering your roses at the same time.